Mumbai is generally considered as one of the most modern cities in India. However, it is surprising to know that an island full of ancient structures is lying just close to the center of the city. Located in Mumbai Harbor, Elephanta Island is famous for its ancient caves and rock cut stone sculptures. Historians have no idea about the antiquity of these structures. Advertisements
It was in 1819 when John Smith, a British army officer in pursuit of a tiger came across a cave near Ajanta village in India. More than thirty caves carved inside the rock of the mountainside and arranged in a horseshoe shape—the well-known Ajanta Caves—have now been discovered in that area. The caves are believed to have been constructed around 200 BCE and were used as retreat places for Buddhist monks during the monsoon season.