The multi-colored crater lakes of Kelimutu in Flores Island, Indonesia, is a beautiful and mysterious geological anomaly. Kelimutu is a small, but well-known volcano in central Flores Island of Indonesia, close to the small town of Moni about 50 km to the east of Ende. At the summit of the volcano there are three crater lakes of varying colors.
Mumbai is generally considered as one of the most modern cities in India. However, it is surprising to know that an island full of ancient structures is lying just close to the center of the city. Located in Mumbai Harbor, Elephanta Island is famous for its ancient caves and rock cut stone sculptures. Historians have no idea about the antiquity of these structures.
Covered in mist, full of legends and mystery, Mount Kilimanjaro, otherwise known as the roof of Africa, is the highest free-standing mountain in the world. Locals on the slopes, the Chagga people, tell us of pygmies said to be no larger than human children, and who dwell on the mountain’s caves and ravines. These ravines, which have never been explored by tourists, are said to have been inhabited by mountain pygmies who survive by hunting and gathering.
Archeologists believe that civilization as we define it–intelligent, tool-making, monument building, social humans–began about 5,000 years ago. But submerged beneath the waves near the Japanese island of Yonaguni is evidence that may well overturn that long-held theory. Of all the famous monuments in Japan, perhaps none is more perplexing than Yonaguni, an underwater rock formation that lies off the coast of the Ryuku Islands.
It was in 1819 when John Smith, a British army officer in pursuit of a tiger came across a cave near Ajanta village in India. More than thirty caves carved inside the rock of the mountainside and arranged in a horseshoe shape—the well-known Ajanta Caves—have now been discovered in that area. The caves are believed to have been constructed around 200 BCE and were used as retreat places for Buddhist monks during the monsoon season.
The Richat Structure, also known as the Eye of the Sahara or blue eye of Africa, is a prominent geological circular feature in the Sahara desert in Mauritania near Ouadane. It is nearly 50 kilometers across and very visible from space.
Without a doubt, one of the most mysterious places on Earth is North Sentinel Island, a disturbing anomaly located off the coast of India. The Sentinelese are considered to be the most isolated people in the world. Virtually nothing is known or understood about their culture. No single word of their language has ever been recorded. They look much more like Africans than Asians and are believed to be some of the earliest peoples to have migrated across Asia.