The Stone of the South or Stone of the Pregnant Woman is a Roman monolith in Baalbek (ancient Heliopolis), Lebanon. Together with another ancient stone block nearby, it is among the largest monoliths ever quarried. The two building blocks were intended for the close-by Roman temple complex − possibly as an addition to the so-called Trilithon − which was characterized by a monolithic gigantism unparalleled in antiquity.
Archaeologists might well wish that Baalbek had been buried forever. For it is here that we find the largest dressed stone block in the world,still sits where it was cut almost 2,000 years ago.
This huge stone weighs approximately 1,200 tons – almost as heavy as three Boeing 747 aircraft. It is stunning how these stone blocks, dating back to prehistoric times could be cut into such accurate shapes and fitted together with such intricate precision unprecedented in human history.
Back at the Acropolis temples, three stones not much smaller than this, weighing 800 tons each, have been miraculously fitted together in a wall, forming the mighty Trilithon at a height of 20 feet.